Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)


12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2022
Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]  
Organization and General
Perimeter Solutions, SA, (“PSSA”), a public company limited by shares (société anonyme) was incorporated on June 21, 2021 under the laws of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg for the purpose of effecting a business combination. PSSA is headquartered in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg with global operations in North America, Europe, and Asia Pacific.
EverArc Holdings Limited, the former parent company of PSSA ("EverArc"), was formed for the purpose of undertaking an acquisition of one target company or business.
EverArc (BVI) Merger Sub Limited, incorporated in the British Virgin Islands and a wholly-owned subsidiary of PSSA (the "Merger Sub"), was also formed solely in contemplation of a business combination. The Merger Sub had not commenced any operations, had only nominal assets and had no liabilities or contingent liabilities, nor any outstanding commitments other than those in connection with contemplated business combination.
Business Combination
On November 9, 2021 (the "Closing Date"), PSSA consummated the transactions contemplated by the business combination (the “Business Combination”) with EverArc, SK Invictus Holdings, S.à r.l., ("SK Holdings"), SK Invictus Intermediate S.à r.l., ("SK Intermediate"), doing business under the name Perimeter Solutions ("Perimeter" or "Perimeter Solutions") and the Merger Sub pursuant to a business combination agreement (the “Business Combination Agreement”) dated June 15, 2021. The term the “Company” refers to PSSA and its consolidated subsidiaries, including SK Intermediate, Perimeter or Perimeter Solutions, after the closing of the Business Combination (the “Closing”).
Pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement,
On November 8, 2021:
the Merger Sub merged with and into EverArc, with EverArc surviving such merger as a direct wholly-owned subsidiary of PSSA (the “Merger”);
pursuant to the Merger, 155,832,600 EverArc Ordinary Shares (the “EverArc Ordinary Shares”) outstanding immediately prior to the Merger were exchanged for ordinary shares of PSSA (the “Ordinary Shares”); and
34,020,000 outstanding EverArc Warrants (the “EverArc Warrants”) were converted into the right to purchase Ordinary Shares with each whole EverArc Warrant entitling the holder thereof to purchase one-fourth of one Ordinary Share at an exercise price of $12.00 per whole Ordinary Share (the “Warrants”); and
On November 8, 2021, pursuant to separate subscription agreements (collectively, the “Subscription Agreements”) entered into among EverArc, SK Holdings, PSSA and other investors, including investors affiliated with SK Holdings purchased an aggregate of 115,000,000 EverArc Ordinary Shares at $10.00 per share (collectively, the “PIPE Subscribers”) that were converted into Ordinary Shares pursuant to the Merger.
On November 9, 2021:
SK Holdings (i) along with officers and certain key employees of SK Intermediate contributed a portion of their ordinary shares in SK Intermediate to PSSA in exchange for 10 million 6.50% Redeemable Preferred Shares of PSSA (“Redeemable Preferred Shares"), nominal value of $10.00 per share, valued at $100.0 million and (ii) sold its remaining ordinary shares in SK Intermediate for approximately $1,900.0 million in cash subject to certain customary adjustments for working capital, transaction expenses, cash and indebtedness.
Ordinary Shares, nominal value, $1.00 per share, listed and began trading on New York Stock Exchange ("NYSE") under the symbol "PRM"; and
members of management of SK Intermediate (collectively, the “Management Subscribers”) were granted an aggregate of 1,104,810 Ordinary Shares at $10.00 per share as consideration and two of the Company’s directors (the “Director Subscribers”) purchased an aggregate of 200,000 Ordinary Shares (the “Director Shares”) at $10.00 per share.
$675.0 million principal amount of 5.00% senior secured notes due October 30, 2029 ("Senior Notes") issued by EverArc Escrow S.à r.l. (“Escrow Issuer”) was assumed by SK Invictus Intermediate II S.à r.l., a wholly-owned subsidiary of PSSA (“SK Intermediate II.”)
The cash consideration for the Business Combination was funded through cash on hand, proceeds from the sale of Ordinary Shares, proceeds from the issuance of Senior Notes and borrowings under the Company’s revolving credit facility.
Business Operations
Perimeter Solutions is a global solutions provider for the fire safety and specialty products industries. Approximately 74% of the Company's annual revenues is derived in the United States, approximately 15% in Europe, approximately 5% in Canada and approximately 2% in Mexico, with the remaining approximately 4% spread across various other countries. The Company’s business is organized and managed in two reporting segments: Fire Safety and Specialty Products (formerly Oil Additives).
The Fire Safety business is a formulator and manufacturer of fire management products that help the Company’s customers combat various types of fires, including wildland, structural, flammable liquids and other types of fires. The Company’s Fire Safety business also offers specialized equipment and services, typically in conjunction with its fire management products to support firefighting operations. The Company’s specialized equipment includes air base retardant storage, mixing, and delivery equipment; mobile retardant bases; retardant ground application units; mobile foam equipment; and equipment that it custom designs and manufactures to meet specific customer needs. Significant end markets include primarily government-related entities and are dependent on approvals, qualifications, and permits granted by the respective governments and commercial customers around the world.
In June 2022, the Oil Additives segment, which produces and sells Phosphorus Pentasulfide ("P2S5"), was renamed the Specialty Products segment to better reflect the current and expanding applications for P2S5 in several end markets and applications, including lubricant additives, various agricultural applications, various mining applications, and emerging electric battery technologies. Within the lubricant additive end market, currently the Company’s largest end market application, P2S5 is primarily used in the production of a family of compounds called Zinc Dialkyldithiophosphates (“ZDDP”), which is considered an essential component in the formulation of engine oils with its main function to provide anti-wear protection to engine components. P2S5 is also used in pesticide and mining chemicals applications.
Global Economic Environment
Russia’s Invasion of Ukraine
In February 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine. While Perimeter has limited exposure in Russia and Ukraine, the Company continues to monitor any broader impact to the global economy, including with respect to inflation, supply chains and fuel prices. The full impact of the conflict on the Company’s business and financial results remains uncertain and will depend on the severity and duration of the conflict and its impact on regional and global economic conditions.
Inflationary Cost Environment
During fiscal 2021 and continuing into the current fiscal year, global commodity and labor markets experienced significant inflationary pressures attributable to ongoing economic recovery and supply chain issues. Perimeter is subject to inflationary pressures with respect to raw materials, labor and transportation. Accordingly, the Company continues to take actions with its customers and suppliers to mitigate the impact of these inflationary pressures in the future. Actions to mitigate inflationary pressures with suppliers include aggregation of purchase requirements to achieve optimal volume benefits, negotiation of cost-reductions and identification of more cost competitive suppliers. While these actions are designed to offset the impact of inflationary pressures, the Company cannot provide assurance that they will be successful in fully offsetting increased costs resulting from inflationary pressure. Interest payments for borrowings under the Company’s revolving credit facility are based on variable rates. As a result, an increase in interest rates may reduce the Company’s cash flow available for other corporate purposes.
Ongoing COVID-19 Pandemic
The pandemic caused by an outbreak of a novel strain of coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, which causes COVID-19 (“COVID-19”) that began in December 2019 introduced significant volatility to the global health and economic environment, including millions of confirmed COVID-19 cases, business slowdowns or shutdowns, government challenges and market volatility throughout 2020 into 2022.
While the ongoing impact from the COVID-19 pandemic has subsided, disruptions to supply chains, transportation efficiency, and availability of raw materials and labor continue to persist. The exact pace and timing of the economic recovery remains uncertain and is expected to continue to be uneven depending on various factors. As the consequences of the pandemic and adverse impact to the global economy continue to evolve, the future adverse impact on the Company’s business and financial statements remains subject to uncertainty as of the date of this filing.