SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS (Policies)
|9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2023
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]
|Basis of Presentation
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments of a normal and recurring nature considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements. The results of operations for the interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results that will be realized for the entire fiscal year. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited financial statements and accompanying notes thereto included in the Company’s 2022 Annual Report. The condensed consolidated financial statements for the prior periods include certain reclassifications that were made to conform to the current period presentation. Such reclassifications have no impact on previously reported condensed consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
|Principles of Consolidation
|Principles of ConsolidationThe unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries after elimination of intercompany transactions and balances.
|Use of Estimates
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Significant estimates made by management in connection with the preparation of the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the useful lives of long-lived and intangible assets, the allowance for doubtful accounts, the fair value of financial assets and liabilities, stock options, founder advisory fees, contingent earn-out liability and realizability of deferred tax assets. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
As of September 30, 2023, the Company’s significant accounting policies are consistent with those discussed in Note 2 - “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies and Recent Accounting Pronouncements” in its consolidated financial statements included in the Company’s 2022 Annual Report, except for performance-based non-qualified stock options ("PBNQSO") granted during the three months ended March 31, 2023 (“Q1-2023 Option Grants”), modifications to PBNQSO’s as of May 8, 2023 and PBNQSO’s granted during the three months ended September 30, 2023 (“Q3-2023 Option Grants”).
For Q1-2023 Option Grants, the Company recognized compensation costs related to PBNQSO’s granted to employees and non-employees based on the estimated fair value of the awards on the date of grant. The Company estimated the grant date fair value, and the resulting share-based compensation expense, using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. The Company records forfeitures as they are incurred. The grant date fair value of the PBNQSO’s is expensed proportionately for each tranche over the applicable service period. The fair value of PBNQSO’s is recognized as compensation expense beginning at the time in which the performance conditions are deemed probable of achievement, over the remaining applicable service period. The assumptions used in the Black-Scholes option-pricing model are as follows:
•Exercise price. The Company's Ordinary Shares’ fair market value on the date of grant.
•Fair Market Value of Ordinary Shares. The grant date fair market value is the quoted market price of the Company's Ordinary Shares.
•Expected term. The expected term of stock options represents the period that the stock options are expected to remain outstanding and is based on vesting terms, exercise term and contractual lives of the options. The expected term is based on the simplified method and is estimated as the average of the weighted average vesting term and
the time to expiration as of the grant date. The simplified method was used due to the lack of historical exercise information.
•Expected volatility. As the Company does not have sufficient historical stock price information to meet the expected life of the stock option grants, it uses a blended volatility based on the Company’s short trading history and on the trading history from the common stock of a set of comparable publicly listed companies.
•Risk-free interest rate. The risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury yield with a maturity equal to the expected term of the stock options in effect at the time of grant.
•Dividend yield. The expected dividend is assumed to be zero as the Company has never paid dividends and has no current plan to pay any dividends on its Ordinary Shares.
As of May 8, 2023, to better account for seasonal fluctuations of the business, and to better align stock option performance with shareholder return, the Company modified certain terms in the PBNQSO agreements. One modification eliminated a term that provided discretion to the compensation committee to make certain adjustments on how the annual operational performance per diluted share (“AOP”) against the performance target will be measured. Such discretion prohibited the establishment of the grant date under Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 718, “Compensation—Stock Compensation” (“Topic 718”). As of May 8, 2023, it was determined that a mutual understanding of the key terms and conditions of the PBNQSO’s has been ascertained and the grant date was therefore established for PBNQSO’s granted through December 31, 2022 (“Prior Grants”).
The modifications were determined to be a Type I (probable to probable) modification under Topic 718. As such, the Company performed a final fair value remeasurement under the original terms of Prior Grants using the Hull-White model and recognized the cumulative compensation cost to reflect the cumulative effect of re-measuring the compensation cost as of May 8, 2023. Subsequently, the Company calculated the modification date fair value for the PBNQSO’s based on the modified terms using (i) the Hull-White model that addresses the performance condition in the option agreements, and (ii) using the Monte Carlo simulation model that addresses the market condition in the option agreements. The modification did not result in any incremental share-based compensation expense for the Q1-2023 Option Grants.
The Company currently expects that the performance condition for the modified awards is probable of being achieved, accordingly, the fair value of the PBNQSO’s on the modification date, calculated using the Hull-White model and Black Scholes option-pricing model, as applicable, is recognized as compensation expense on a proportionate basis, for each tranche, over the remaining applicable service period. The Hull-White model requires us to make assumptions and judgments about the variables used in the calculation, including the sub-optimal exercise factor, drift rate, the volatility of our Ordinary Shares, risk-free interest rate, and expected dividends. Changes in assumptions made on the risk-free interest rate and expected volatility can materially impact the estimate of fair value and ultimately how much share-based compensation expense is recognized. The risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of modification and corresponds to the remaining contractual term of the PBNQSO’s. As the Company does not have sufficient historical stock price information to meet the expected life of the stock option grants, it uses a blended volatility based on the Company’s short trading history and on the trading history from the common stock of a set of comparable publicly listed companies.For Q3-2023 Option Grants, the Company recognized compensation costs related to PBNQSO’s granted to employees and non-employees based on the estimated fair value of the awards on the date of grant. The Company estimated the grant date fair value, and the resulting share-based compensation expense, using the Hull-White model as this model considers the future movement in Ordinary Share price and option holders’ behavior with respect to option exercises.
|Recently Issued and Adopted Accounting Standards
Recently Issued and Adopted Accounting Standards
In July 2023, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2023-03 to amend various SEC paragraphs in the Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) to primarily reflect the issuance of SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 120. ASU No. 2023-03, “Presentation of Financial Statements (Topic 205), Income Statement - Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220), Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (Topic 480), Equity (Topic 505), and Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Amendments to SEC Paragraphs Pursuant to SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 120 (“SAB 120”), SEC Staff Announcement at the March 24, 2022 Emerging Issues Task Force Meeting (“EITF”) Meeting, and Staff Accounting Bulletin Topic 6.B, Accounting Series Release 280 - General Revision of Regulation S-X: Income or Loss Applicable to Common Stock.” ASU 2023-03 amends the ASC for SEC
updates pursuant to SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 120; SEC Staff Announcement at the March 24, 2022 EITF Meeting; and Staff Accounting Bulletin Topic 6.B, Accounting Series Release 280 - General Revision of Regulation S-X: Income or Loss Applicable to Common Stock. SAB 120 provides guidance on the measurement and disclosure of share-based awards shortly before announcing material nonpublic information. These updates were immediately effective and did not have any impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting, and in January 2021 issued ASU No. 2021-01, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Scope. These ASUs provided temporary optional expedients and exceptions to existing guidance on contract modifications and hedge accounting to facilitate the market transition from existing reference rates, such as London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) which is being phased out, to alternate reference rates, such as Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”). These standards are elective and are effective upon issuance for all entities through December 31, 2022. In December 2022, the FASB issued ASU No. 2022-06, which deferred the sunset date of reference rate reform relief to December 31, 2024. The switch in the reference rates from LIBOR to SOFR, under the Company’s Revolving Credit Facility (defined below), occurred as of June 30, 2023. The Company did not have any outstanding borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility, accordingly, the switch in the reference rates from LIBOR to SOFR did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments and issued subsequent amendments to the initial guidance within ASU 2019-04, ASU 2019-05 and ASU 2019-11. The amendments required an entity to replace the incurred loss impairment methodology in current U.S. GAAP with a new model that uses a forward-looking expected loss method, which generally results in earlier recognition of allowances for losses. The Company adopted the standard as of January 1, 2022 at December 31, 2022. The adoption of the standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements with the most significant impact being the increase in allowance for doubtful accounts related to its trade accounts receivable. The adoption adjustment was recorded to accumulated deficit in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of shareholders’ equity.In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases, which required lessees to recognize a right of use asset and a lease liability on their balance sheet for all leases, including operating leases, with a term of greater than 12 months. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-11, which added a transition option permitting entities to apply the provisions of the new standard at its adoption date instead of the earliest comparative period presented in the consolidated financial statements. The Company adopted Topic 842 as of January 1, 2022 at December 31, 2022, using the optional transition method provided by ASU 2018-11. Refer to Note 6, "Leases," for additional disclosures.